Verb + -ing or to
Examples for general rule
admit / avoid / consider / deny / enjoy / fancy / finish / imagne / keep (on) / mind / postpone / risk / stop / suggest
afford / agree / arrange / decide / deserve / fail / forget / hope / learn / manage / offer / plan / promise / refuse / tend
Verbs can be different meanings
▼ remember doing
I remember doing something = I did it and now I remember this.
You remember doing something after you have done it.
- I know I locked the door. I clearly remember locking it.
(= I locked it, and now I remember this.)
- He could remember driving along the road just before the accident, but he couldn't remember the accident itself.
▼ remember to do
I remembered to do something = I remembered that I had to do it, so I did it.
You remembered to do something before you do it.
- I remember to lock the door, but I forgot to shut the windows.
- Remember to buy some bananas.
(= Don't forget to by them.)
▼ regret doing
I regret something = I did it and now I am sorry about it.
- I now regret saying what I said. I shouldn't have said it.
- Do you regret not going to college?
▼ regret to do
I regret to say / to tell you / to inform you = I am sorry that I have to say.
- I regret to say that we were unable to accept your offer.
▼ go on doing
go on doing something = continue doing the same thing.
- The president paused for a moment and then went on talking.
- We need to change. We can't go on living like this.
▼ go on to do
go on to do something = do or say something new.
- After discussing the economy, the president went on to talk about foreign policy.
▼ try to do
attempt to do, make an effort to do.
- I was very tired. I tried to keep my eyes open, but I couldn't.
- Please try to be quiet when ypu come home. Everyone will be asleep.
▼ try something / try doing something
do it as an experiment or test.
- These cakes are delicious. You should try one. (= have one to see if you like it.)
- We couldn't find anywhere to stay. We tried every hotel in the town, but they were all full.
▼ need to
I need to do something = it is necessary for me to do it.
- He needs to work harder if he wants to make progress.
- I don't need to come to the meeting, do I?
▼ need -ing
You can say that something needs -ing.
- My phone needs to charging.
(= it needs to be charged.)
- Does your suit need cleaning?
(= ... need to be cleaned.)
- It's a difficult problem. It needs thinking about carefully.
(= it needs to be tought about carefully.)
to and preposition + -ing
afraid to (do) / afraid of (do)ing
▼ afraid to (do)
This form is used when there is an aim, an intention; it is turned to the future, not ‘validated’ yet but could occur in the future. It refers to a particular occurrence.
- This part of town is dangerous. People are afraid to walk here at night.
(= They don't walk here at night because it is dangerous.)
- James was afraid to tell his parents what had happened.
(= He didn't tell them because he thought they would be angry.)
▼ afraid of (do)ing
To talk about fear of things that happen accidentally.
This form is a kind of validation of the ‘action’ and may be equivalent to a noun, nominal form (loss for losing, wound for hurting, etc), refers to an activity (known, already practised or repeated).
- The path was icy, so we walked very carefully. We were afraid of falling.
- I don't like dogs. I'm always afraid of being bitten.
Afraid of vs afraid to | ToLearnEnglish
interested in (do)ing / interested to (do)
▼ interested in doing
I'm interested in doing something = I'm thinking of doing it, I would like to do it.
- Let me know if you're interested in joining the club.
- I tried to sell my car, but nobody was interested in buying it.
- I didn't enjoy school. I wasn't interested in studying.
▼ interested to do
I was interested to hear/see/know something = it was interesting for me.
- I was interested to hear that Tanya left her job.
(= I heard this and it was interesting for me.)
- I'll ask Make for his opinion. I would be interested to know what he thinks.
(= it would be interesting for me to know what he thinks.)
- I was Joe recently. You'll be interested to hear that he's getting married soon.